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Sri Lanka At A Glance

Set in the Indian Ocean in South Asia, the tropical island nation of Sri Lanka has a history dating back to the birth of time.  It is a place where the original soul of Buddhism still flourishes and where nature’s beauty remains abundant and unspoilt.

Few places in the world can offer the traveller such a remarkable combination of stunning landscapes, pristine beaches, captivating cultural heritage and unique experiences within such a compact location.  Within a mere area of  65,610 kilometres lie 8 UNESCO World Heritage Sites, 1,330 kilometres of coastline – much of it pristine beach – 15 national parks showcasing an abundance of wildlife, nearly 500,000 acres of lush tea estates, 250 acres of botanical gardens, 350 waterfalls, 25,000 water bodies, to a culture that extends back to over 2,500 years.

This is an island of magical proportions, once known as Serendib, Taprobane, the Pearl of the Indian Ocean, and Ceylon. Discover refreshingly Sri Lanka!

Official Name: Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka
Government Type: Republic
Location: Latitude 5° 55. to 9° 50. north, Longitude 79° 42. to 81° 52.,650km north of the equator
Dimensions: 430km North to South, 225km East to West
Coastline: 1,340km
Area: 65,525km
Currency (code): Sri Lankan Rupee (LKR)
Independence: 4 February 1948
Administrative Capital: Sri Jayewardenepura
Commercial Capital: Colombo
Administrative Divisions: Typically tropical, with a northeast monsoon (December to March)bringing unsettled weather to the north and east, and a southwest

monsoon (June to October) bringing bad weather to the south and

west

Terrain: Mostly low, flat to rolling plain; mountains in south-central interior
Highest Mountain: Pidurutalagala, 2,524m
Highest Waterfall: Bambarakanda, 263m
National Flower The Blue Water Lily (Nymphaea stellata).
National Parks and Nature Reserves Area: 8,000sq.km
Population: 21,128,773
Population Growth Rate: 1.3%
Population Density: 309 people per sq km
Life Expectancy at Birth 74 female, 64 male
Literacy Rate : Female 87.9 Male 92.5
Ethnic Groups: Sinhalese 73.8%, Sri Lankan Moors 7.2%, Indian Tamil 4.6%,Sri Lankan Tamil 3.9%, other 0.5%,

unspecified 10% (2001 census)

Languages: Sinhala (official and national language) 74%, Tamil(national language)18%, other 8%
Note: English (a link language commonly) is used in

government and spoken competently

by about 10% of the population

Religion: Buddhist 69.1%, Muslim 7.6%, Hindu 7.1%,Christian 6.2%,unspecified 10% (2001 census)
Time Zone: Sri Lanka Standard Time is five and a half hours ahead of GMT.(Allowance should be made for summer-time changes in Europe.)
International Dialing: +94
Electricity: 230 . 240 volts, 50 cycles AC. If you travel with alaptopcomputer bring a stabilizer
Economy: Sri Lanka’s most dynamic sectors are food processing,textiles and apparel, food and beverages, port construction,telecommunications, insurance and banking. In 2006,plantation crops made up only 15% of exports

(90% in 1970), while textiles and garments accounted

for more than 60%. About 800,000 Sri Lankans work abroad,

90% of them in the Middle East. They send home more

than US$1 billion a year.

Labour Force 34.3% of the labour population is employed in agriculture,25.3% in industry and 40.4% in services: 40.4%(30 June 2006 est.) The unemployment rate is 5.7% (2007 est.)
Agriculture & Products Rice, Sugarcane, Grains, Pulses, Oilseed, Spices, Tea,Rubber, Coconuts, milk, Eggs, Hides, Beef, Fish
Industries: Processing of rubber, tea, coconuts, tobacco and otheragricultural commodities, telecommunications,insurance, banking; clothing, textiles, cement,

petroleum refining.

Exports: Textiles and apparel; tea and spices; diamonds,emeralds, rubies; coconut products, rubber manufactures, fish
Imports: Main import commodities are textile fabrics, mineral products,petroleum, foodstuffs, machinery and transportationequipment: $10.61 billion f.o.b. (2007 est.). Percentage of main

commodities from main import partners: India 19.6%,

China 10.5%, Singapore 8.8%, Iran 5.7%, Malaysia 5.1%,

Hong Kong 4.2%, Japan 4.1% (2006)

Gross Domestic Product (GDP): Purchasing power parity: $81.29 billion (2007 est.).Official exchange rate: $30.01 billion (2007 est.)Real growth rate: 6.3% (2007 est.) Per capita: $4,100 (2007 est.)

composition by sector: Agriculture: 16.5% Industry: 26.9%

Gross National Product (GNP): Sri Lanka is placed in 76th place in GNP figuresof the world.s nations with $22.8 billion (2005)
Flag Description: Yellow with two panels; the smaller hoist-side panelhas two equal vertical bands of green (hoist side) and orange;the other panel is a large dark red rectangle with a yellow lion

holding a sword, and there is a yellow bo leaf in each

corner; the yellow field appears as a border around the

entire flag and extends between the two panels

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